Monthly Archives: September 2018

Program Music and the Human Male

The Archduke Rudolph of Austria was one of Beethoven’s closest friends and patrons.  A younger man than the composer, Beethoven began tutoring Rudolph when he was in his thirties and the Archduke was in his mid-teens.  Beethoven developed a strong bond with Rudolph – since he had no children himself, it seems likely that his […]

Busy with Beethoven

As I continue to read the Swafford Beethoven biography, I’m listening to Beethoven almost exclusively.  The author’s passion for the composer’s music is intense, and he imparts in me a desire to listen to all of it.  The biography presents works as they appear in Beethoven’s life, mostly chronologically, with an occasional hint about things […]